Understanding a Car Braking system

A competent braking system is essential to ensure the safety of both the passengers and pedestrians. It is one of the key safety features of the car and maintaining its top-notch quality is absolutely imperative. If you ever notice any complication with the braking system, it is recommended that you visit a service provider immediately.

What are the various parts of a car braking system?

         Brake Fluid

         Master Cylinder

         ABS Modulator

         Wheel speed sensors

         Hydraulic lines

         Brake Pedal

         Drum Brakes

         Brake shoes

         Drums

         Wheel Cylinders

         Disc Brakes

         Brake Pads

         Brake callipers

         Rotors

The working of a Braking System

When the brake pedal is applied by the driver, hydraulic pressure is created inside the master cylinder containing the brake fluid. As the brake fluid is pressurised along a series of brake pipes and hoses, the hydraulically activated spots force the friction materials in the wheel assembly against the rotating part. This makes the car stop.

There are two types of braking systems used in a car: Drum Brakes and Disc Brakes

Drum Brakes

The components of a drum brake are brake shoes, hydraulic wheel cylinders and a brake drum. When the brake pedal is applied, the friction material linings on the brake shoes are forced against the inner side of the drum by the hydraulic wheel cylinders. The friction caused by the friction material linings makes the car stop.    

Disc Brakes

A brake disc, a brake calliper and brake pads are the three main components of a disc brake. When the brake pedal is applied, the hydraulic fluid pressurizes the friction lining on the brake pads against the rotor (rotating disc) to stop the car.   

Symptoms of wear and tear in the braking system  

Like every part of a machine, the braking system eventually manifests symptoms of wear and tear. It is essential that we are able to conceptualize these situations or driving with an incompetent braking system will lead to accidents.

Understanding the condition of the braking system is very easy if you pay attention to it. According to the top brake friction products exporters and manufacturers like ASK Automative, mentioned below are the symptoms you should look for:  

 A vibrating brake pedal

If you feel that the brake pedal is vibrating while driving, it is time to visit a service provider. It is one of the signs that the brake pad width has reduced to a critical point, and replacement is required.

Pay attention to the noises

While driving a car, if you hear a loud squeaking or scraping sound every time you apply the brake, your car braking system needs the attention of a service provider. This happens because the braking system is designed in a manner that whenever the three-wheeler or two-wheeler disc brake pad width reaches to a critical point, it makes the sound as a warning or an indicator.

Car takes longer than usual to stop

If the car brake pads are worn out, they produce less friction and hence, take longer in stopping the car. Delay in stopping the car is a major reason for accidents. When a car moves at a high speed, an incompetent braking system takes much longer to bring it into rest. Such incidents in a high traffic road lead to accidents.  

The braking system is an integral part of the car. Always pay attention to the above-mentioned symptoms to ensure your safety and avoid any accident.

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